Learn more about the Flu Shot and Tdap vaccine.
Influenza (also called flu) is a serious disease. It’s more than just a runny nose and sore throat. The flu can make you very sick, and it can be especially harmful if you get it during and right after pregnancy. It’s time to schedule your flu shot.
About the Flu
Flu vaccine comes in two forms: an injectable form (the flu shot) and a nasal spray. The nasal spray (or LAIV) flu vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women. Pregnant women should receive the flu shot. The nasal spray is for use in healthy people 2-49 years of age who are not pregnant. Women who are not pregnant but are breastfeeding may receive the nasal spray flu vaccine. Talk to your health care provider about getting the flu shot.
Influenza (the flu) is a serious illness, especially when you are pregnant.
FACT: The flu can cause serious illness in pregnant women.
Getting the flu can cause serious problems when you are pregnant. Even if you are generally healthy, changes in immune, heart, and lung functions during pregnancy make you more likely to get seriously ill from the flu. Pregnant women who get the flu are at higher risk of hospitalization, and even death, than non-pregnant women. Severe illness in the pregnant mother can also be dangerous to her fetus because it increases the chance for serious problems such as premature labor and delivery.
The flu shot is the best protection for you – and your baby.
FACT: Getting a flu shot is the first and most important step in protecting yourself against the flu.
When you get your flu shot, your body starts to make antibodies that help protect you against the flu. Antibodies can be passed on to your unborn baby, and help protect the baby for up to 6 months after he or she is born. This is important because babies younger than 6 months of age are too young to get a flu vaccine. If you breastfeed your infant, antibodies may also be passed in breast milk. It takes about two weeks to make antibodies after getting flu vaccine. Talk to your doctor, nurse, or clinic about getting vaccinated as soon as you can.
The flu shot is safe for you and for your unborn child.
FACT: The flu shot is safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants.
You can receive the flu shot at any time, during any trimester, while you are pregnant. Millions of flu shots have been given to pregnant women over many years. Flu shots have not been shown to cause harm to pregnant women or their infants.
FACT: The side effects of the flu vaccine are mild when compared to the disease itself.
After getting your flu shot, you may experience some mild side effects. The most common side effects include soreness, tenderness, redness and/or swelling where the shot was given. Sometimes you might have headache, muscle aches, fever, and nausea or feel tired.
Even healthy pregnant women can get the flu and have serious complications – know the signs and symptoms of flu.
FACT: If you have symptoms of the flu, call your doctor immediately.
If you have flu-like symptoms--even if you have already had a flu shot--call your doctor, nurse, or clinic right away. Doctors can prescribe medicine to treat the flu and lessen the chance of serious illness. These medicines must be started as soon as possible.
If you have any or all of the following symptoms, contact your doctor or nurse immediately:
- Sore Throat
- Body Aches
- Runny or Stuffy Nose
Having a fever from flu, or any other infection early in pregnancy, increases the chance of having a baby with birth defects or other problems. Fever can be brought down with Tylenol® (acetaminophen), but you should still call your doctor or nurse.
If you have any of the following signs, call 911 and seek emergency medical care right away:
- Problems breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Sudden dizziness or confusion
- Severe or constant vomiting
- Decreased or no movement of your baby
- High fever that is not responding to Tylenol® or other acetaminophen
Pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious bacterial disease that is potentially fatal, especially for any baby younger than 12 months of age. Pertussis can cause violent and rapid coughing, with a “whooping” sound between coughs, although this sound can be absent or minimal.
What may seem like the start of a common cold could actually be pertussis and can lead to more serious symptoms and complications.
At the start, typical pertussis symptoms include:
- Runny Nose or Congestion
- Possible Cough or Fever
After 1–2 weeks of these symptoms, severe coughing can begin and continue for weeks.
Why Get an Adult Pertussis Booster Vaccine?
- Pertussis (whooping cough) is highly contagious - Parents, siblings, and other caregivers of infants are often the ones who unknowingly spread pertussis (whooping cough) to babies. In fact, if just 1 member of a household has it, there’s an 80% or greater chance that other susceptible household members will catch it.
- Adults need a Tdap vaccine - Adults are susceptible to pertussis, because the vaccine you received as a child wanes after 5-10 years. That’s why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that adults and adolescents, especially those in close contact with an infant, receive a single dose of Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis) vaccine.
- Babies often get pertussis from adult family members - Babies who catch pertussis often get the disease from those who are closest to them. Researchers have found that when a source was identified, in up to 80% of infant pertussis cases, babies caught the disease from a family member, primarily a parent.
- Protect your baby from the spread of pertussis - One of the best ways to help protect your baby is by making sure he or she is fully vaccinated. You should also talk to those who are closest to your baby about getting an adult pertussis booster vaccine.
For more information about the flu visit: www.cdc.gov
For more information about pertussis visit: www.soundsofpertussis.com